Hypersalivation: Causes and treatment

Woman sticking her tongue out.
Hypersalivation is an excessive amount of saliva within the mouth, which might spill out within the lip.
Hypersalivation, also referred to as sialorrhea or ptyalism, happens when an individual has an excessive amount of saliva within their mouth. It can cause saliva in the mouth spilling within the bottom lip, referred to as drooling.

With respect to the cause, hypersalivation may either be constant or intermittent. It is also temporary or chronic. Frequently, it may cause an individual social anxiety.

What’s hypersalivation?

Hypersalivation isn’t a disease truly an indicator of some other underlying condition. Other factors can vary from easily treated and customary causes to rare illnesses.

Saliva is really a obvious liquid created through the salivary glands within the mouth. It moistens food and aids swallowing. Additionally, it contains enzymes which help with digestion.

Saliva will help heal wounds and take away germs in the mouth, in addition to prevent dryness and behave as an obstacle against irritants and toxins.

Typically, a proper person produces between .75 and 1.5 liters of saliva every day. Saliva production peaks when one is eating and it is at its cheapest while asleep.

An excessive amount of saliva may cause issues with speaking and eating, together with chapped lips and skin ailment. Hypersalivation and drooling may also cause social anxiety and reduced self-esteem.


There are lots of potential reasons for hypersalivation. It’s really a complication from putting on dentures, or getting poor mouth co-ordination.

Hypersalivation could possibly be the consequence of:

  • excessive saliva production
  • an lack of ability to effectively swallow or obvious saliva in the mouth
  • difficulty maintaining your mouth closed

Reasons for excessive saliva production, resulting in hypersalivation, include:

  • morning sickness or nausea while pregnant
  • sinus, throat, or peritonsillar infections
  • poisonous spider bites, reptile venom, and poisonous mushrooms
  • dentures
  • ulcers, inflammation, or discomfort within the mouth
  • poor dental hygiene
  • severe infections for example rabies or t . b
  • severe or sudden discomfort
  • regurgitation of saliva during acid reflux
  • jaw fractures or dislocation

Difficulty swallowing or clearing saliva in the mouth can result from or connected with a few underlying conditions, including Lower syndrome, autism, ALS, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease. If an individual also offers a physical disorder, they might not necessarily realize that they’re drooling.

Reasons for an lack of ability to help keep the mouth area closed, which can lead to drooling, include poor neuromuscular charge of your muscle mass round the mouth. Cerebral palsy is a good example of this type of condition.

Difficulty keeping saliva within the mouth may also be because of:

  • poor mind and lip control
  • a continuously open mouth
  • impaired tactile sensation
  • an enlarged tongue or poor tongue mobility
  • poor teeth alignment
  • nasal blockage

Hypersalivation may also derive from non-health conditions, for example seeing, smelling, or tasting food, or maybe even considering food. It is also brought on by gum or by feelings of pleasure and anxiety.

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hypersalivation include drooling, spitting, and excessive swallowing.

Various other signs and symptoms include:

  • chapped lips
  • softening and harm to your skin round the mouth
  • infection of your skin round the mouth
  • foul breath
  • lack of fluids
  • speech disturbance
  • pneumonia
  • poor feeling of taste

Hypersalivation and drooling might also cause mental complications and social anxiety, too impact remarkable ability to consume or speak.

Individuals who experience hypersalivation are more inclined to inhale saliva, food, or fluids to their lung area, be responsible for aspiration pneumonia. This might happen once the gagging and coughing reflexes are impaired.


The purpose of diagnosing hypersalivation would be to pinpoint the main cause after which to recommend the very best available strategy to each individual. An analysis is essential, as a few of the potential reasons for hypersalivation have serious complications.

To identify hypersalivation, a physician can include a test from the following:

  • the mouth area, teeth, and surrounding skin
  • tongue control, swallowing ability, and jaw stability
  • tonsils and nasal airways
  • performance and emotional condition
  • hydration, hunger, and mind posture

A physician will often contemplate it essential to assess other criteria, including:

  • existing health conditions and continuing medication
  • when and how hypersalivation occurs
  • the quantity of extra saliva created
  • set up issue is constant or intermittent
  • any negative effects on daily existence

Once the reason for hypersalivation is made, a physician might take the next factors into consideration when recommending cure:

  • severity and complications
  • age and mental status
  • whether hypersalivation is chronic or temporary
  • connected nerve conditions
  • the potential of improvement

Treatment and management

Speech therapy.
Speech therapy and methods for improved tongue and lip control might help treat hypersalivation.

Coping with hypersalivation is all about treating the actual condition that’s causing it, in addition to handling the immediate results of excess saliva within the mouth.

With respect to the cause, the therapy may include certain kinds of therapies, medications, and residential remedies. In extraordinary instances, surgery might be considered.

Therapy: This could include behavior modification and speech therapy. People experiencing hypersalivation will benefit from assist with posture and mind control. They may also learn approaches for lip closure, better tongue control, and swallowing.

Medication: The purpose of medication for hypersalivation would be to reduce salvia production. Anticholinergic medication can be utilized, although it features a selection of negative effects, including sleepiness, trouble sleeping, irritability, urinary retention, constipation, and flushing. Treatment may also incorporate a beta-blocker or botulinum contaminant (Botox treatment).

Natural home remedies: Consuming lots of water can help to eliminate saliva production. Tooth-brushing and rinsing with mouthwash may also temporarily dry up the mouth area.

The effective control over hypersalivation and also the resulting drooling can improve an individual’s confidence and self-esteem.


Some reasons for hypersalivation may obvious up with time with no treatment. Such causes include pregnancy, anxiety, and minor injuries.

Other causes can cause more severe medical challenges. This category includes nerve causes and nerve disorders.

If chronic the weather is the reason, treatment can include lifelong control over an individual’s hypersalivation.

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